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Evaluation of Daily Life Activities and Quality of Life of the Elderly Living in Nursing Homes in Istanbul

Hasan Hüseyin Eker, Mustafa Taşdemir, Emel Lüleci, Merve Kocaakman, Saime Şahinöz, Mehmet Akif Karan

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the factors affecting DLA and QOLof elderly living in public and private nursing homes.

Methods: This study is cross-sectional and it has been conducted in one public and six private nursing homes. The evaluation of 161 elderly participants living in nursing homes was made by Instrumental Daily Life Activities, KATZ daily life activities index and the WHOQOL – BREF scale. Data were evaluated with the SPSS 11.5 package program.

Results: The mean age was 74.38 ± 9.59 years. 54.0% were in public and 46.0% in private nursing homes. It was found that the elderly in private nursing homes were more dependent in all daily life activities compared to those in public nursing homes (p<0.01). While the environmental field score of the elderly in private nursing homes were higher; physical, mental and social field scores of those in public nursing homes were higher (p <0.05). A positive correlation was found between the score from face scale to evaluate satisfaction of living in a nursing home and environmental, mental and social field scores (p<0.05).

Conclusion: It was found that elderly in private nursing homes were more dependent in all DLA compared to elderly in public nursing homes. While the environmental field scores of elderly in private nursing homes were higher; physical, mental and social field scores of those in public nursing homes were higher.

Key words: Quality of life, Nursing home, Elderly 


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