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Smoking, Alcohol Consumption and Exercise Habits of Elderly Living in Nursing Homes in Istanbul

Emel Lüleci, Hasan Hüseyin Eker, Mustafa Taşdemir, Saime Şahinöz


Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the life style of elderly’s living in nursing homes and factors affecting on the issue.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in seven nursing homes one being public and the other six being private. An inventory form has been applied to 161 communicable elderly living in nursing homes who have accepted to participate in the study. SPSS 11.5 package program has been used to evaluate data.

Results: Mean age of elderly was 74.38±9.59 years. Among participants, 54.0% of elderly’s were staying in public nursing home, 58,4% were males, 41,9% were widow/widowers and 37,5% were single. 30.9% of males, 11.9% of females and 23.0% of all elderly living in nursing homes have still been smoking. 63.9 of smoking elderly have stated that they were smoking one or more than one package of cigarettes per day. The ratio of smokers have been found to be statistically significantly higher among those staying in public nursing home, among males, among divorced, among elementary school or higher educated and among handicapped (p<0.05). Among those living in nursing homes, 91.9% of elderly have stated that they were not drinking alcohol, 6.9% told that they have quit drinking, 1.9% told that they were still drinking alcohol and 18.5% have stated that they were exercising regularly. 12.5% of elderly were obese. A significant correlation between body mass index and the nursing home, gender, level of education has been detected (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Ratio of smoking has been found significantly higher in males, in those living in public nursing homes, those with high school education and those handicapped.

Key words: Senility, cigarettes, alcohol, exercise, nursing home 

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