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Smoking and Depression Symptoms Among Medical Students in Turkey

Kamile Marakoğlu, Dilek Toprak, Şule Taner, Saniye Özdemir, Duygu Erdem, Said Bodur


Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between smoking status and depression among medical students, and to investigate the differences between the classes.

Methods: In this cross-sectional and descriptive research; a questionnaire on sociodemograpic features and smoking status, and Beck Depression Inventory were applied to the students of three different medical faculties in Turkey.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 20.05±2.3 years. Smoking prevalence was found as 18.4%. Smoking prevalence (25.6%) was significantly higher in the fifth grade than the others (p=0.001). Total Beck Depression Inventory scores were 17 and higher in 13.4% of the students. Analysing the total Beck Depression Inventory scores according to the classes, it was found that the frequency of depressive symptoms increased in the second class (22.2%) and decreased beginning from third class (12.4%) (p=0.001). Beck Depression Inventory symptomatology was 3.4 times higher among the smokers than nonsmokers (p<0.001).

Conclusions: Depression symptoms were found higher in the second grade of medical education and among the current smokers than the nonsmokers. Giving psychological counseling services and support to quit smoking to the students during their education period will be beneficial in terms of bringing up future’s healthier physicians. 

Key words: Smoking; depression; students 

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